Pipelines
Refining and marketing
1 April 2005
Canada: TransCanada enters crude-export race
Green light for Pacific exports
1 February 2005
The Russian prime minister, Mikhail Fradkov, has given the green light for construction of a huge crude oil export pipeline across eastern Siberia to the Pacific Ocean, ending months of speculation. Isabel Gorst reports
Nothing is certain
1 February 2005
India desperately needs a better oil and gas transport network and there is no shortage of proposals for new pipelines. But it remains to be seen how many of them will come to fruition, writes Cris Heaton
New pipes, new players
1 February 2005
Gas pipelines are being expanded and constructed across the continent. But because of perceptions of political and economic risk, capital for these expansions is coming from new sources, writes Robert Olson
Mashreq gas grid emerging
1 February 2005
Politics aside, the development of a unified pipeline network to supply energy to the Mashreq sub-region - comprising a number of eastern Mediterranean states, such as Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and the Palestinian Authority - makes good commercial sense, writes Martin Clark
Infrastructure needed, now
1 February 2005
US consumers may have to fork out hundreds of billions of extra dollars in gas bills over the next 15 years if improvements to the nation's natural gas-supply network are not made soon.
All systems go
1 February 2005
After a decade in the starting blocks, the $0.59bn West African Gas Pipeline (WAGP) is finally under way, despite immense political and commercial obstacles, writes Martin Clark
Russia plays politics
1 January 2005
Russia's decision not to sign a co-operation agreement over the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline has cast doubts over the project's viability. But it may just be that Russia is trying to exert its influence in the region and secure better terms, writes NJ Watson
Kazakhstan oil to flow east
1 December 2004
Moscow's dithering over oil-export policy to China has allowed Kazakhstan—which is keen to find new markets for its oil, especially ones that bypass Russia—to step into the breach. Pipeline construction has begun and exports should start in little more than a year, reports Isabel Gorst
China's looming presence
1 October 2004
After being repeatedly rebuffed by Russia in its attempts to secure much-needed energy supplies, China has turned its attention to Central Asia, with the signing of a 10m t/y crude pipeline agreement between CNPC and Kazakhstan's KazMunaiGaz. NJ Watson reports
A blow for Caspian exports
1 October 2004
The US' attempts to secure export routes for Caspian oil are suffering. The BTC pipeline has been put in jeopardy by skirmishes in South Ossetia and by environmental obstacles, while Ukraine has decided to reverse the flow of the Odessa-Brody pipeline. NJ Watson reports
Russia secures Turkmenistan gas exports until 2028
1 October 2004
Russia's attempts to re-exert its dominance over the former republics of the Soviet Union have, for the most part, been unsuccessful. However, a deal struck with Ukraine, on 26 July, establishing a new company to take over the purchasing and transporting of Turkmenistani gas to Ukraine has given Moscow control over gas flows out of the country for the foreseeable future. Foreign firms have been left to fight over Turkmenistan's more modest oil resources. NJ Watson reports
Escalator ups and downs
1 July 2004
As production from North Sea oilfields declines, a question mark hangs over the quality of oil that will be delivered through the major oil pipelines. Liz Bossley investigates one possible solution to the problem
Bridging the supply gap
1 July 2004
Surging gas demand and peaking production in Europe means the continent must look for new supply sources. With no shortage of producers hoping to grab a piece of the action, the supply map may become very complex by 2025, writes Cris Heaton
Canadians march south
1 April 2004
TransCanada and Enbridge, Canada?s two dominant energy pipeline companies, are making their long-anticipated advances into the North American market. Their moves will cement their positions as the carriers of choice for future Arctic natural gas and Alberta oil-sands production, writes WJ Simpson
Against all odds
1 February 2004
The $3.7bn Chad-Cameroon pipeline – one of the largest investment projects ever seen in sub-Saharan Africa – delivered first oil to the Kribi floating export terminal, off the Atlantic coast, last October. It was a major triumph for ExxonMobil and all the parties involved, Martin Clark writes
Eastern approaches
1 February 2004
Attempts by Asian countries to reduce reliance on Middle East oil are underpinning Russian desires to establish new eastern markets. But agreement on pipeline routes remains elusive, writes James Gavin
Oil reserves inch open
1 February 2004
The controversial OCP pipeline, which transports crude from Amazon oilfields to the Pacific, began operating in September. But there are doubts whether this will act as a catalyst to spark the oil boom predicted, and hoped for, by the government to spark the country’s economic revival. NJ Watson reports