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Some pain, some gain for Africa

Crude prices hurt exporters and LNG plans idled. Violence flared in the Niger Delta. East African oil and Senegal were bright spots

It was a rough 12 months for Africa's oil exporters - they depend too much on oil income for the price slump to have left them unscathed. Nigeria saw a return to Delta violence and struggled most. The highlights were new discoveries in Senegal and some progress in East Africa, where routes for exporting oil were established. But for Nigeria 2016 was chaotic. President Mohamed Buhari had promised reform of the oil sector, a war on graft, more inward investment and more oil. Investors liked it when he appointed a former ExxonMobil man, Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu, to run Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). He's now its chairman and the country's oil minister. But a return to violence i

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