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Managing social risk: Notes from the Peruvian Amazon

The lack of free, prior and informed consent to upstream oil and gas operations is at the heart of many social conflicts in the Peruvian Amazon

Growing gas potential, a buoyant economy and attractive fiscal incentives have made Peru particularly attractive to oil and gas investors. Since 2006 alone, energy companies have spent $5.3 billion on oil and gas projects, including $1.6 billion on exploration, mostly in the Amazon region. The emphasis on hydrocarbon investment is part of the government’s ambitious development plan that encompasses mining and infrastructure projects across the Amazon – a region of extraordinary biological and cultural diversity. Covering some 782,000 square km, or about 61% of Peru’s territory, it is one of the most biologically diverse regions on Earth, home to the second-largest rainforest area in the Am

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