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Sudan: Divided inheritance for oil sector

PRESIDENT Omar Bashir won a decisive victory in Sudan's April elections, with 68% of the vote. Salva Kiir retained his job as president of Sudan's semi-autonomous south, with 93% of the South Sudan vote

Widespread criticism of the conduct of the ballot will not prevent Bashir's ruling National Congress Party (NCP) from carrying out its governing duties. But Sudan faces new problems: a referendum in January will determine whether the sub-Saharan African south will secede, effectively splitting the country away from the Arab north to which it remains uncomfortably wed. The division will have a direct effect on the oil sector, the source of more than 90% of the country's exports. Around 80% of Sudan's 480,000 barrels a day of oil production is sourced from southern areas (see Figure 1). Even northern oilfields are subject to southern ownership claims; most northern oil is extracted from Abyei

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