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18 October 2011
Kwok W Wan, PARIS:
The world must invest $38 trillion in oil, gas and electricity
infrastructure over the next 25 years to stop prices from
soaring, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said today. And
about half of that will need to be spent in the power
Referring to data from the
IEA’s upcoming World Energy Outlook 2011, to be
published in November, the agency said $16.9 trillion is needed
for electricity generation; $10 trillion in oil; $9.5 trillion
in natural gas; $1.1 trillion in coal; and $300 billion on
biofuels. "This means, more or less, that $1.5 trillion is
needed every year [over the next 25 years]," chief economist
Fatih Birol told reporters at the IEA ministerial meeting.
He highlighted that oil investment
was vital in Middle East and North African (Mena) countries,
because 90% of the required growth in crude production over the
next few years would come from that region. "If the investment
doesn’t come through in those countries, it will
have huge implications for international oil markets and
prices," Birol said.
"We will see a lot of oil coming from
Brazil and other regions, but in many producing countries,
output is declining … we must compensate for declines
[and increase production] to meet growth."
Earlier at the meeting, Jose Sergio Gabrielli, the chief executive of
Petrobras, said Brazil would be producing 5 million barrels
a day (b/d) by 2020.
The countries of the Mena region are
the world’s largest oil and gas producers, but
output could fall as fields deplete. There has already been
some curtailment in new production investment, with Saudi
Arabia recently scrapping plans to lift output capacity to 15
million b/d; while the Arab Spring and war in Libya have made
investors wary of some countries in the region.
"We see some signs of reluctance to
invest, which we think may end up with a much higher oil price
than we have now today. In some countries, because of the
unrest, the projects are not going forward as we would like to
see." he added.
Last week, Opec secretary general Abdalla El-Badri
claimed member countries will invest around $300 billion in 132
oil projects up to 2015, which would increase production
capacity by 21 million b/d.
However, the IEA was more pessimistic
than the new Libyan government about the swift resumption of
the country’s production to its pre-war level of 1.6 million b/d. "We are
still looking at Libya, many projects and fields are not yet
appraised. We don’t know how much damage there is.
But I would be positively surprised if we see pre-war levels
reached before 2013," Birol said.
In terms of electricity, Birol said
the investment needed to connect the 1.3 billion people with no
access to power must jump fivefold – to $45 billion
– over the next five years, with the main focus
required to alleviate energy poverty in Asia and
Africa. For the time being, he added, the investment outlook
appears to be adequate for the gas sector.
The IEA also claimed the world is
failing to rein in rising global temperatures resulting from
carbon emissions. "Our analysis of investments in clean energy
to limit temperature increase to 2°C is becoming much more
difficult. The door to reach 2°C may be closing unless we
act very boldly," Birol said. He could not comment on specific
numbers, but said an IEA report would be published on 9
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